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Diamond Glossary


diamond glossary, BarninkaDiamond Terms C1
  1. Carat
  2. Cavity
  3. Certificate
  4. Chip
  5. Clarity
  6. Cloud

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diamond glossary, BarninkaDiamond Term Explanation

  1. The metric 'carat', which equals 200 milligram, is the standard unit of weight for diamonds and most other gems. If other factors are equal, the more carats, the more valuable it will be per carat. Example: a 0.1Ct may cost US$600/carat, a 1Ct US$6'000/Ct and a 5Ct US$20'000/Ct.
    Diamonds are weighed in Metric Carat's the origin of the word and weight unit was first used by ancient merchants in the Middle East approximately 500 B.C. The unit weight used for diamonds and other precious stones then was determined by the equal weight of the carob seed. The weight of a seed from the seed pod of the carob tree or locust bean tree was uniformly equivalent too One (1) carat in weight.
    Carob tree and seed pods. A metric carat equals 0.20 of a gram or 200 milligrams, so there for 5 carats equals One (1) gram. This is standard unit of weight used for diamonds and most other gems. So 1 carat equals: 1/5 gram, 200 milligrams, 0.20 gram, 100 points
  2. An inclusion consisting of a large or deep opening in the diamond.
  3. Laminated document by a gemological institute (ie. HRD, IGI, GIA) to describe a diamond's characteristics.
  4. A tiny piece missing, caused by normal wear and tear, or by cutting.
  5. A diamond's relative position on a (Fl) flawless to (I P) imperfect scale. 'Clarity' characteristics are classified as inclusions (internal) or blemishes (external). The size, number, position, nature, and color or relief of characteristics determine the clarity grade. Very few diamonds are flawless, that means, show no inclusions or blemishes when examined by a skilled grader under 10X magnification. If other factors are equal, flawless diamonds are most valuable. The clarity scale goes from FL-IF to Imperfect.
  6. A group of tiny white inclusions which result in a milky or cloudy appearance.

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